Valdemar, II King of Denmark

Valdemar, II King of Denmark

Male Abt 1170 - 1241  (~ 70 years)

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  • Name Valdemar  
    Suffix II King of Denmark 
    Born Abt 28 Jun 1170  Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 Mar 1241  Vordingborg, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Buried Aft 28 Mar 1241  Ringsted, Island of Zealand, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Person ID I28319  BlytheGenealogy
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2019 

    Father Valdemar KNUDSON, II King of Denmark,   b. 14 Jan 1131, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 May 1182, Vordingborg, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother Sofia VLADIMIROVNA, of Poland,   b. Abt 1141, Poland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1198  (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Married 1157  Viborg, Dalarnas, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2
    Family ID F4675  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Beengjerd,   d. 1220 
    Married Bef 1220  [2
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F11581  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Dagmar,   d. 1213 
    Married Bef 1213  [2
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F11582  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Helene GUTTORMSDOTTER,   b. Abt 1127,   d. 1204, Sæbygård Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 77 years) 
    Children 
     1. Knud VALDEMARSEN, Duke of Reval Duke of Lolland,   b. 1211,   d. 15 Oct 1260  (Age 49 years)
     2. Valdemarsdatter,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F11583  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 4 Margareta, of Bohemia 
    Married 1205  Lübeck Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Valdemar, III joint-King of Denmark,   b. 1209,   d. 28 Nov 1231, Kalundborg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 22 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F11584  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 5 Berengaria, de Portugal,   b. Abt 1194, Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Mar 1221, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 27 years) 
    Married 18 May 1214 OR 24 May 1214  [1
    Children 
     1. Erik, IV King of Denmark,   b. 1216,   d. 10 Aug 1250  (Age 34 years)
     2. Sophie,   b. 1217,   d. 2 Nov 1247, Flensburg Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
     3. Abel,   b. 1218,   d. 29 Jun 1252, Friesland, Niedersachen, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
     4. Christoffer, I King of Denmark,   b. Abt 1219,   d. 29 May 1259  (Age ~ 40 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F11585  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Married 1205  Lübeck Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Niels VALDEMARSEN,   d. 1218 OR 1219
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F32481  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    King Valdemar II Coin
    King Valdemar II Coin
    Skt. Bendt's Church, Ringsted.
    Skt. Bendt's Church, Ringsted.
    Burial Plaque; St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Denmark.
    Burial Plaque; St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Denmark.
    Valdemar II
    Valdemar II
    King Valdemar II Coin - Two Sides
    King Valdemar II Coin - Two Sides
    Valdemar the Great
    Valdemar the Great

  • Notes 
    • VALDEMAR Valdemarsen, son of VALDEMAR I "den Store/the Great" King o f Denmark and his wife Sofia Volodarovna of Novgorod [Rurikid] [28 Jun ] 1170-Vordingborg 28 Mar 1241, buried Ringsted Church). "Kanutum reg em" donated property to Ringsted with "fratrem regis, ducem Waldemarum , dnam Sophiam matrem regis", by charter dated 1197. The Saga of Kin g Sverre records the accession of "his brother Valdemar" after the dea th of "Knut King of the Danes" in the same year as Sverre King of Norw ay. He succeeded his brother in 1202 as VALDEMAR II "Sejr/the Conquer or" King of Denmark. The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1202 o f "Canutus, Valdemari filius, rex Danorum" and the succession of "Vald emarus frater eius". The Icelandic Annals record that "Valdemarus re x Dannorum" waged war in Estonia in 1219. Imprisoned 1223-1225. Th e Icelandic Annals record that "Rex Danorum Valdemarus filiusque Valde marus" were captured by "Henrico comite Palatino" in 1223. Denmark an d the Knights of the Teutonic Order agreed the division of Estonia bet ween them in the treaty of Stensby in 1238. The Icelandic Annals reco rd the death in 1242 of "Valdemarus fortis Danorum rex Valdemari filiu s". The Annales Stadenses record the death "1241 V Kal Apr" of "rex D aciæ Waldemarus". The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines record s the death "1240… in cena Domini" of "rex Dacie Waldemarus"[629]. Th e burial records of Ringsted record "Waldemarus rex… filius Waldemari " who died "VI Kal Apr" in 1241. Betrothed (Hamburg 1202) to IRMGARD P falzgrä fin, daughter of HEINRICH Herzog von Braunschweig, Pfalzgraf b ei Rhein and his first wife Agnes von Staufen [1200]-Lichtenthal 24 Fe b 1260, buried Kloster Lichtenthal). The Annales Stadenses records th e betrothal in Hamburg in 1202 of "duci Danorum" and "filiam fratris s ui [=regis Otto] Heinrici". Although the daughter in question is no t named, it is probable that it was the older daughter Irmgard. He mar ried firstly (Lü beck 1205) MARGARETA of Bohemia, daughter of PŘ EMYS L OTAKAR I King of Bohemia & his first wife Adelheid von Meissen [Wett in] -Ribe 24 May 1212, buried Ringsted Church). The Genealogica Wetti nensis names "Vredislaum et filias tres" as children of "Odacarus qu i postea fuit dux Bohemie" and his wife Adelheid, specifying that on e daughter married "regi Dacie". The Icelandic Annals record the marr iage in 1205 of "Valdemarus rex Danorum" and "Margaretam regis Boemi æ filiam" who was called "Dagmö am" by the Danes. The Annales Ryense s record the marriage in 1205 of "rex Waldemarus" and "Daghmar filia m regis Boemiæ ", and in a later passage the death in 1212 of "Margare ta regina" specifying that she was known as Dagmar "propter præ cipua m formæ pulchritudinem". A 13th century genealogy refers to the tw o daughters of "rex Boemie Otaker" and his wife Adelheid, specifying t hat "unam" married "rex Dacie". She was known as DAGMAR in Denmark . The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1212 of "Margareta Dagmö ; regina Danorum". The burial records of Ringsted record "Waldemaru s rex… filius Waldemari" and "prima uxor sua Dagmar" who died "IX Ka l Jun" in 1213. He married secondly [18/24] May 1214) Infanta dona BER ENGARIA de Portugal, daughter of dom SANCHO I "o Poblador" King of Por tugal & his wife Infanta doñ a Dulcia de Aragó n [1194]-Ringsted 27 Ma r 1221, bur Ringsted Church). The Annales Ryenses record the marriag e in 1214 of "rex Waldemarus secundus" and "Berengaria sorore Ferrand i comitis Flandriæ " specifying that she was known as "Bringrenila", a nd in a later passage her death in 1221. The Icelandic Annals recor d the marriage in 1214 of "Valdemarus rex Danorum" and "Berengariam Po rtugaliæ regis filiam". “Waldemarus… Danorum Sclavorumque Rex” grant ed “insulam… Thund” to the church of “Arusiensis” by charter dated 2 3 Nov 1216, witnessed by “B. regina…”. The Icelandic Annals record th e death in 1220 of "Berengaria Danorum regina". The burial records o f Ringsted record "Waldemarus rex… filius Waldemari" and "uxor sua sec unda Berengera filia regis Portugalie, soror Feruandi comitis Flandrie " who died "VI Kal Apr" in 1220. Mistress (1): ---. The name of Valde mar´ s first mistress is not known. Mistress (2): HELENE Guttormsdotte r, daughter of Jarl GUTTORM in Sweden and his wife ---. The primary s ource which confirms her parentage and relationship with King Valdema r has not yet been identified. She married as his third wife, Esber n "Snare" [Hvide] (Fjenneslev [1127]-[Sæ bygå rd] 1204, buried Sorø A bbey).
      [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/DENMARK.htm#_Toc196361200]

      Valdemar II; born 1170, Denmark; died March 28, 1241, Denmark.
      By name Valdemar the Victorious; Danish Valdemar Sejr king of Denmar k (1202-41) who, between 1200 and 1219, extended the Danish Baltic emp ire from Schleswig in the west to include lands as far east as Estonia . In his later years he worked to unify Denmark's legal and administra tive systems.
      The son and brother, respectively, of the Danish kings Valdemar I an d Canute IV, Valdemar acted as the duke of Schleswig from 1188 and con quered Holstein (North Albingia) and Hamburg (1200-01). Succeeding t o the throne in 1202, he initially supported the Welf candidate for th e office of Holy Roman emperor, Otto IV, who in turn recognized Valdem ar's sovereignty in Holstein. Valdemar later broke with Otto, defeate d a Welf coalition (1214), and supported Otto's rival, the future empe ror Frederick II, who yielded to Valdemar the Wendish (Slavic) lands a nd the German territory north of the Elbe and Elde rivers.
      Active from 1206 in crusades to Christianize the eastern Baltic region , Valdemar launched a campaign in Estonia in 1219, aided by the Knight s of the Sword, Bishop Albert of Riga, and a Wendish navy. After his v ictory at Reval (Tallinn), Valdemar ruled over all of Estonia, and th e country was divided into two bishoprics, Reval and Dorpat (Tartu). C onflicts with his allies led to a reapportionment of the Estonian domi nions (1222), after which he retained only Reval and northern Estonia.
      Shortly after crowning his son Valdemar as joint king (1218) to perpet uate his dynasty's control over the vast Danish empire, Valdemar was s urprised, captured, and imprisoned with his son by Count Heinrich of S chwerin (in northeast Germany) and held until 1225, his Danish and Ger man vassals failing to come to his aid. After prolonged negotiations , he agreed to retain only Rü gen and Estonia beyond the Baltic as a c ondition of release; in addition, he surrendered his sons and many hos tages and paid a heavy ransom. In 1227 he launched a counteroffensiv e but was decisively defeated at Bornhö ved, and his North German empi re was finished. Danish sovereignty was also challenged in Estonia, bu t by an agreement with the Knights of the Sword (1238), Valdemar retai ned his possessions there.
      Despite his foreign reverses, Valdemar's rule in Denmark was strong. H e carried through domestic reforms, completing the reorganization of t he Danish army begun by Valdemar I and granting landed peasants exempt ion from taxes in return for knight service. He effectively controlle d the church and the nobility, reformed the legal code, and changed th e legislative system to enlarge monarchical power, as described in hi s revised Law of Jutland (1241). His division of Denmark into large fe udal estates, each controlled by one of his sons, contributed to the d estructive competition for power after his death. [Encyclopæ dia Brita nnica, online <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=76620>

  • Sources 
    1. [S3514] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy online [http://fmg.ac].

    2. [S3962] St. Bendts Ringsted, Denmark.
      Skt. Bendt's Church, Ringsted.
      Skt. Bendt's Church, Ringsted.
      Burial Plaque; St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Denmark.
      Burial Plaque; St. Bendt's Church, Ringsted, Denmark.