Olaf HARALDSSON, II King of Norway

Male - 1030


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  • Name Olaf HARALDSSON 
    Suffix II King of Norway 
    Gender Male 
    Died 29 Jul 1030  Stiklestad, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I3735  BlytheGenealogy
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2019 

    Father Harald GUDRODSSON, Underking of Vestfold,   b. Abt 940, Grenland, Telemark, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 995  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Mother Asta GUDBRANDSDATTER,   b. Abt 970, Uplands, Vestfold, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1045  (Age ~ 75 years) 
    Married Aft 970 
    Family ID F2519  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Astrid OLAFSDOTTIR,   b. Abt 1000, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Wulfhild, of Norway,   b. Abt 1023, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 May 1070  (Age ~ 47 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F1278  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Children 
     1. Magnus OLAFSSON, I King of Norway,   b. Abt 1024, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1047  (Age ~ 23 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F29110  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Notes 
    • Olaf II Haraldsson; born c. 995; died July 29, 1030, Stiklestad, Norwa y; feast day July 29.
      Also called St. Olaf, Norwegian Hellig-olav the first effective king o f all Norway and the country's patron saint, who achieved a 12-year re spite from Danish domination and extensively increased the acceptanc e of Christianity. His religious code of 1024 is considered to represe nt Norway's first national legislation.
      The son of the lord Harald Grenske and a descendant of the Norwegian r uler Harald I Fairhair, Olaf was reared as a pagan and became a Vikin g warrior in the Baltic region. He fought against the English in 1009- 11 but assisted the English ruler Ethelred (Aethelred) II the Unread y against the Danes in 1013. When the Danish king Sweyn (Svein) I gain ed the advantage in England, Olaf went to Spain and also to France, wh ere he was baptized (1013).
      Returning to Norway in 1015, Olaf conquered territory that had previou sly been held by Denmark, Sweden, and the Norwegian earl Haakon of Lad e; by 1016 he had consolidated his rule in all Norway. In the succeedi ng 12 years he built his base of support among the aristocracy in th e interior and pressed relentlessly for the acceptance of Christianity , using missionaries he brought from England. The Church of Norway ma y be dated from 1024, when Olaf and his ecclesiastical adviser, Bisho p Grimkell, presented a religious code at Moster.
      Olaf resolved his conflict with the Swedish king Olaf Skö tkonung by 1 019 and joined forces with the king's son Anund Jakob when Canute, kin g of England and Denmark, threatened to conquer Norway. Canute's contr ol of the trade routes to the west of Norway, and the prospect of hi s ruling more indirectly than Olaf had done, won the support of leadin g Norwegian chieftains. Canute forced Olaf to flee to Russia (1028), w here the Norwegian ruler took refuge with his Swedish wife's relative s at Kiev.
      Olaf attempted to reconquer Norway in 1030 with help from Anund Jako b but was defeated by a superior Norwegian peasant and Danish army i n the Battle of Stiklestad (1030), one of the most celebrated battle s in ancient Norse history. Olaf's popularity, his church work, and th e aura of legend that surrounded his death, which was supposedly accom panied by miracles, led to his canonization in 1031. His popularity sp read rapidly; churches and shrines were constructed in his honour in E ngland, Sweden, and Rome. He was the last Western St. accepted by th e Eastern Orthodox church.
      Encyclopæ dia Britannica, online http://www.britannica.com/eb/article- 9056945