Charles, I King of Sicily and Naples

Charles, I King of Sicily and Naples

Male 1227 - 1285  (57 years)

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  • Name Charles  
    Suffix I King of Sicily and Naples 
    Born 21 Mar 1227  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 7 Jan 1285  Foggia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Aft 7 Jan 1285  Cathedral of San Gennaro, Naples, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Person ID I7303  BlytheGenealogy
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2019 

    Father Louis, VIII King of France,   b. 3 Sep 1187, Palais Royal, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1226, Château de Montpensier-en-Auvergne, Montpensier, Auvergne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Mother Blanca, de Castile,   b. Bef 4 Mar 1187/88, Cheateau de Palencia, Valencia, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Nov 1252, Palais de Louvre, Paris, Île-de-France, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 64 years) 
    Married 23 May 1200  Pont Audemer, Normandie, France Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 2, 3, 4
    Family ID F3248  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Marguerite DE BOURGOGNE, Comtesse de Tonnerre Dame de Montm,   b. Abt 1249 OR 1250,   d. 5 Sep 1308, Tonnerre, Yonne, Bourgogne, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 58 years) 
    Married 18 Jan 1268  Trani Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F3276  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Beatrice, Comtesse de Provence,   d. 23 Sep 1267, Nocera, Calabria, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married 31 Jan 1247/48  [1
    Children 
     1. Béatrice, of Sicily,   b. 1252,   d. 1275  (Age 23 years)
     2. Charles, II King of Sicily (Anjou-Capet),   b. 1254,   d. 6 May 1309, Palace of Poggioreale Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     3. Philippe, of Sicily,   b. 1255,   d. 1 Jan 1277, Bari, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 22 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F3277  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Charles I of Naples
    Charles I of Naples
    Charles I's coat of arms
    Charles I's coat of arms
    Charles Ier de Sicile et Beatrice
    Charles Ier de Sicile et Beatrice
    Charles I of Anjou Coronation Coin 1266
    Charles I of Anjou Coronation Coin 1266
    Charles I and Family
    Charles I and Family
    Charles I statue in Naples
    Charles I statue in Naples

  • Notes 
    • Charles I, byname CHARLES OF ANJOU, Italian CARLO d'ANGIÒ (b. March 1 226--d. Jan. 7, 1285, Foggia, Kingdom of Naples [Italy]), count of Anj ou [1232], king of Naples and Sicily (1266-85), the first of the Angev in dynasty, and creator of a great but short-lived Mediterranean empir e.
      The seventh child of Louis VIII. of France and Blanche of Castile, an d younger brother of Louis IX. Louis died a few months after Charles' s birth and was succeeded by his son Louis IX (St. Louis), and on th e death in 12132 of the third son, John, count of Anjou and Maine, tho se fiefs were conferred on Charels. In 1246 he married Beatrice, daugh ter and heiress of Raymond Bé renger V., the last count of Provence, a nd after defeating James I. of Aragon and other rivals with the help o f his brother, the French king, he took possession of his new country . In 1248 he accompanied Louis in the crusade to Egypt, but on the def eat of the Crusaders he was taken prisoner with his brother. Shortly a fterwards he was ransomed, and returned to Provence in 1250. Charles' s ambition aimed at wider fields, and he extended his influence by th e subjugation of Marseille in 1257, and two years later several commun es of Piedmont recognized his suzerainty. In 1262 Pope Urban IV. deter mined to destroy the power of the Hohenstaufen in Italy, and offered t he kingdoms of Naples and Sicily, in consideration of a years tribute , to Charles of Anjou. After long negotiations he accepted the Sicilia n and Neapolitan crowns, and in 1264 he sent a first expedition of Pro venç als to Italy; he also collected a large army and navy in Provenc e and France with the help of King Louis, and by an alliance with th e cities of Lombardy was able to send part of his force overland. Pop e Clement IV. confirmed the Sicilian agreement on conditions even mor e favourable to Charles, who sailed in 1265, and conferred on the expe dition all the privileges of a crusade. After narrowly escaping captur e by Manfred's fleet, he reached Rome safely, where he was crowned kin g of the Two Sicilies. The land army arrived soon afterwards, and on F eb. 26, 1266, Charles encountered his rival Manfred the bastard of th e emperor Frederick II., at Benevento, where after a hard-fought battl e Manfred was defeated and killed, and the whole kingdom was soon in C harles's possession. Then Conradin, Frederick's grandson and last legi timate descendant of the Hohenstaufen, came into Italy, where he foun d many partisans among the Ghibellines of Lombardy and Tuscany, and am ong Manfred's former adherents in the south. He was totally defeated b y Charles at Tagliacozzo [Aug. 23, 1268]; taken prisoner, he was trie d as a rebel and executed at Naples.
      Charles was now one of the most powerful sovereigns of Europe, for bes ides ruling over Provence and Anjou and the kingdom of the Two Sicilie s, he was imperial vicar of Tuscany, lord of many cities of Lombardy a nd piedmont, and as the pope's favourite practically arbiter of the pa pal states, especially during the interregnum between the death of Cle ment IV. [1268] and the election of Gregory X. [1272]. In 1272 he too k part with Louis IX. in a crusade to north Africa. Charles thereafte r expanded his power into the Balkans and in 1277 became heir to the K ingdom of Jerusalem. The election of Rudolph of Habsburg as German kin g, and that of Nicholas III to the Holy See [1277], diminished Charles 's power, for the new pope set himself to compose the difference betwe en the Guelphs and Ghibellines in the Italian cities, but at his deat h Charles secured the election of his henchman Martin IV. [1281], wh o recommended persecuting the Ghibellines. Charles's transferred his c apital from Palermo to Naples, but the cruelty of the French rulers o f Sicily provoked in 1282 the rebellion knows as the Sicilian Vespers . Charles determined to subjugate the island and sailed with his flee t for Messina. The city held out until Peter III. of Aragon arrived i n Sicily, and a Sicilian-Catalan fleet under the Calabrese admiral, Ro ger de Lauria, completely destroyed that of Charles. In May 1284 Roge r de Lauria appeared before Naples and destroyed another Angevin flee t commanded by Charles's son, who was taken prisoner. Charles came t o Naples with a new fleet from Provence, and was preparing to invade S icily again, when he died at Foggia on Jan. 7, 1285. An extremely abl e soldier and a skillful statesman, his inordinate ambition and his cr uelty created enemies on all sides, and led to the collapse of the edi fice of dominion which he had raised.
      Encyclopæ dia Britannica, 1961 ed., Vol. 5, p. 277, CHARLES I.

      -- MERGED NOTE ------------

      King Louis VIII & his wife had twelve children:
      CHARLES de France(posthumously [21] Mar 1227-Foggia 7 Jan 1285, bur Na ples, Cathedral of SanGennaro).  He is recorded as brotherof Louis I X King of France by Matthew of Paris, who states that the king senthi m home with his brother Alphonse after the battle of Mansurah in 1250[ 614].  Marquis deProvence and Comte de Forcalquier 1246, in right o f his wife.  Created Comte d'Anjou et du Maine Aug 1246.  He was inv ested as CHARLESI King of Sicily in 1265.
      [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#CharlesVIdied1422A]

  • Sources 
    1. [S3514] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy online [http://fmg.ac].

    2. [S3648] Americana: Illustrated, Vol. XXVII; Number 2 Somerville, New Jersey an d New York City: The American, Internet; 26 December 2015; 210-222.

    3. [S3859] Berenger, Marguerite; North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000 artic le, Ancestry*com.

    4. [S3764] Hamlin Childeric and North America Family Histories, 1500-2000, n.d.d igital images, : accessed.