Heinrich VON STAUFEN, VI King of Germany; Holy Roman Emp

Heinrich VON STAUFEN, VI King of Germany; Holy Roman Emp

Male 1165 - 1197  (~ 31 years)

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  • Name Heinrich VON STAUFEN 
    Suffix VI King of Germany; Holy Roman Emp 
    Born Nov 1165  Nijmegen, Neth, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Died 28 Sep 1197  Messina, Sicily, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Buried Aft 28 Sep 1197  Palermo Cathedral, Palermo, Sicily, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Henry's grave in the Cathedral of Palermo
    Henry's grave in the Cathedral of Palermo
    Person ID I9482  BlytheGenealogy
    Last Modified 1 Feb 2019 

    Father Friedrich VON STAUFEN, I Holy Roman Emperor King of Germa,   b. 1122,   d. 10 Jun 1190, Göks or Saleph River, Asian Minor Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Mother Béatrix, Comtesse de Bourgogne-Comté,   b. Abt 1145,   d. 15 Nov 1184, Jouhe Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 39 years) 
    Married 17 Jun 1156  Würzburg, Bavaria Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Family ID F2375  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Constance, of Sicily,   b. 2 Nov 1154,   d. 28 Nov 1198, Palermo, Sicily, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 27 Jan 1186  Milan, Santo Ambrosio Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Konstantin Roger Friedrich VON STAUFEN, Holy Roman Emperor Emperor of Germ,   b. 26 Dec 1194, Iesi, Ancona, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Dec 1250, Castel Fiorentino (near Lucera), Foggia, Italy Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
    Last Modified 20 Feb 2019 
    Family ID F4468  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Photos
    Henry VI portrait from the Codex Manesse, circa 1304
    Henry VI portrait from the Codex Manesse, circa 1304
    Henry's grave in the Cathedral of Palermo
    Henry's grave in the Cathedral of Palermo
    Woodcut illustration of Constance of Sicily, her husband HRE Henry VI and her son HRE Frederick II
    Woodcut illustration of Constance of Sicily, her husband HRE Henry VI and her son HRE Frederick II
    Frederick Barbarossa with his sons Henry and Frederick, Historia Welforum, Weingarten Abbey, c. 1180
    Frederick Barbarossa with his sons Henry and Frederick, Historia Welforum, Weingarten Abbey, c. 1180

  • Notes 
    • HEINRICH von Staufen (Nijmegen Nov 1165-Castilo Favara, near Messina 2 8 Sep 1197, buried Palermo Cathedral).  William of Tyre (Continuator ) names himas son of Emperor Friedrich.  The Annales Stadenses name (i n order) "Heinrici imperatoris et Conradi Suevi et Friderici ducis Sue viæ et Ottonis sine terra et Philippi" as sons of"Beatrix imperatrix " when recording her death.  He was crowned HEINRICH VI King of German y at Aachen 15 Aug 1169.  Hisfather appointed him regent when he lef t on crusade in May 1189.  He claimed his Sicilian inheritance, by rig ht of his wife, on the death of Guillaume II King of Sicily in Nov 118 9.  His departure for Sicily was delayed by news of the death of hi s father, but in early 1191 he left for Rome where he was crowned Empe ror HEINRICH V 15 Apr 1191, although he was obliged to return to Germa ny by illness.  Emperor Heinrich's rival in Sicily, Tancredo Conte d i Lecce, had gathered support, including that of Richard I King of Eng land whose capture by Leopold V Duke of Austria removed an obstacle fo r the emperor.  Tancredo's death in 1194 opened the way for Heinrich , who marched south again in an expedition funded by the ransom paid b y England for the release of King Richard from his prison in Austria.   He deposed his wife's great nephew in Oct 1194, and entered Palerm o as ENRICO King of Sicily.  He was crowned as king of Sicily at Pale rmo cathedral 25 Dec 1194, a brutal repression of Tancredo's supporte d followed.  Heinrich proposed making the German succession hereditary , but this was turned down by a meeting of princes in Oct 1196.  Afte r the overthrow of Emperor Isaakios II in 1195, Emperor Heinrich Vthre atened to intervene to avenge him.  Emperor Alexios III was unable t o raise sufficient funds to buy him off through his special "German" t ax, and Heinrich started preparing to attack but died of fever befor e the preparations were complete.  The Continuatio Admuntensis record s the death "apud Messanam urbem Apulie 4 Kal Oct 1197" of "Heinricu s imperatorsextus".  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines recor ds the death "IV KalOct in Sicilia" of "imperator Henricus", specifyin gthat it was said that he was poisoned by his wife.  He married (Milan , Santo Ambrosio 27 Jan 1186) CONSTANCE of Sicily, daughterof ROGER I I King of Sicily & his third wife Bé atrice de Rethel (posthumousl y 2 Nov 1154-Palermo 28 Nov 1198, buried Palermo cathedral).  TheChro nicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the marriage "apudMediolan um in natali Domini" of "Henricus filius imperatorisFrederici primi"[5 52].  The long-standing conflict between Sicily and Emperor Friedric h I "Barbarossa" was ended in 1184 by the agreement for this marriage.   She was declared heir by Guillaume II King of Sicily in 1185, confi rmed on his deathbed, but the crown was usurped by her nephew Tancred o di Lecce.  Her husband invaded the kingdom of Sicily to enforce he r rights after his coronation as emperor in Rome 15 Apr 1191, but he f ell ill at the siege of Naples.  Constance was captured at Salerno b y the forces of Tancredo, but escaped back to Germany while she was be ing sent to the Pope.  She was made regent of Sicily by an assembly a t Bari in Mar 1195, which also appointed Konrad von Urslingen as gover nor.  She succeeded her husband as Queen of Sicily in 1197, in the nam e of her son.
      [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/GERMANY,%20Kings.htm#_Toc284161564]

      Henry VI; born; autumn 1165, Nijmegen, Neth. died Sept. 28, 1197, Mess ina, Italy.
      German king and Holy Roman emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty who inc reased his power and that of his dynasty by his acquisition of the kin gdom of Sicily through his marriage to Constance I, posthumous daughte r of the Sicilian king Roger II. Although Henry failed in his objectiv e of making the German crown hereditary, like the Sicilian crown, hi s son Frederick II, who became king of Sicily immediately after Henr y VI's death, was subsequently elected Holy Roman emperor.
      A son of the emperor Frederick I Barbarossa, Henry was chosen German k ing at Bamberg in June 1169 and crowned at Aachen in August of that ye ar. He was married to Constance, who was 11 years older than he, in Ja nuary 1186 in Milan. On the departure of Frederick I for the Holy Lan d on a crusade at Easter 1189, Henry took over the government of the e mpire. In 1189-90 he suppressed a revolt of Henry the Lion, former duk e of Bavaria and Saxony.
      In November 1189, William II of Sicily died, leaving his father's hal f sister Constance heiress to the Sicilian kingdom, then consisting o f the island of Sicily and the southern part of the Italian peninsula . After the death of Frederick I on crusade in June 1190, Henry VI mad e peace with Henry the Lion and proceeded to Italy, where he was crown ed emperor by Pope Celestine III in April 1191.
      Meanwhile in Sicily a nationalist party unwilling to be governed b y a German emperor chose Tancred, an illegitimate son of Constance's b rother Roger, as king of Sicily. After his coronation, Henry, determin ed to conquer the Sicilian kingdom, besieged Naples. But when Henry th e Lion, aided by others, once again revolted, Henry was forced to rais e the siege (August 1191) and return to Germany. The Emperor's positio n was soon strengthened, however, by the imprisonment of King Richar d I of England by Leopold V, duke of Austria, in December 1192. When t he Duke turned the English king over to Henry in the following Februar y, Richard, in order to obtain his release, agreed to surrender his ki ngdom to the Emperor, receive it back as a fief, and pay a ransom of 1 00,000 silver marks as well as an additional 50,000 marks in lieu of h elping Henry conquer the Sicilian kingdom.
      Henry the Lion came to terms with the Emperor in March 1194, and Henr y VI was then free to turn his attention to Sicily. He had already, i n January 1194, concluded the Treaty of Vercelli with the towns of Lom bardy, thus ensuring their loyalty. His task was also made easier by t he death in February 1194 of Tancred, who left as his heir a mere boy , William III. Thus, when Henry went to Italy in May 1194, he met wit h little resistance. He entered Palermo on November 20 and was crowne d king of Sicily on December 25.
      In the winter of 1195-96, Henry induced about 50 princes to agree to m ake the succession to the crown of the Holy Roman Empire hereditary, a nd at the Diet of Wü rzburg (April 1196) a majority voted for it. A mi nority, however, continued to oppose it, and at the Diet of Erfurt (Oc tober 1196) this opposition was increased. Finally, Henry had to be co ntent with the election of his son Frederick as German king in the cus tomary way in December.
      In 1197, when Henry was in southern Italy preparing a crusade, a rebel lion against his rule broke out in the Sicilian kingdom, which was pu t down with savage cruelty. In the same year Henry died of malaria a t Messina. [Encyclopæ dia Britannica, online <http://www.britannica .com/eb/article?eu=40888>]

  • Sources 
    1. [S3514] Foundation for Medieval Genealogy online [http://fmg.ac].