Tag: Iceland

Icelandic Ancestry: the Icelandic genealogy database is available online.

Icelandic Ancestry: the Icelandic genealogy database is available online.

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Previously, I wrote about the Incest Prevention App called ‘Sifjaspellsspillir’ or ‘Incest Spoiler’. It was created by University of Iceland students for a contest by the Íslendingabók database and its purpose is to alert two people of a possible familial connection when they tap their phones.

Later, in a related story, the “Icelandic Roots: Genealogy, Heritage, & Travel” website announced its release of the Icelandic genealogy database through their site.

The database is available with a monthly or yearly subscription. Access is also available to organizations and researchers by contacting them.

While continuing to add names and other great features, the database also links you to events, dates, occupations, cemetery records and burials, photos and more.

They will assist with your genealogy research by helping you find your family tree, connecting you with family members, and  providing ancestry charts and reports. All this is possible through their popular “Cousins Across the Ocean” project or you can complete their online request form for more information.

If you’re interested in finding out more, there are tips for using the database, and they also explain its history. If you have Icelandic research to do, this site and database are well worth checking out.


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It’s important to know naming conventions for genealogy #namingconventions.

It’s important to know naming conventions for genealogy #namingconventions.

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I have learned to pay close attention to the names of individuals in my research as knowledge of naming conventions can be key to investigating a family’s genealogy. Frequently, the names provide valuable clues to the answers to my questions.

 

Individuals from differing cultures, time periods, religions and families were known to follow specific traditions and naming conventions. It’s important to know these naming conventions for genealogy research as accuracy of your conclusions can be adversely affected by misinterpreting names, titles, etc.

 

These practices could also change over time according to the practices of the day.

Below are some examples of naming practices I encountered in my research.

It’s very important to note that making assumptions in genealogy using only naming conventions is dangerous as these conventions were not followed by everyone. However, knowing naming conventions can be great help finding an ancestor as long as the other information matches to confirm the identity.

 

France

Last names in France.
Last names in France.
  • Instead of surnames as we know them, the French in the 17th and 18th centuries routinely adopted nicknames or titles denoted by the word ‘dit’  or ‘dite’ before it. This title or nickname could have referred to any number of things including a descriptive term, location, family or property in France. This was the case for my ancestor, Pierre dit Laverdure, one of the Huguenots to settle in Acadia in the mid-17th century. I couldn’t find the translation for ‘Laverdure’, but I was able to find a modern translation for ‘verdure’ as follows:

ver·dure
a. The lush greenness of flourishing vegetation.
b. Vigorous greenery.
2. A fresh or flourishing condition: the verdure of childhood.

[Middle English, from Old French, from verd, green, from Latin viridis.]

My reasoning is that, based on this definition, there are several possibilities, including: he was from a lush, green, fertile area of France; he was involved in forest management or forestry; he was in a profession concerned with vegetation such as farming; the ‘fresh or flourishing condition’ referred to in the definition above could allude to his being ‘young’, ‘youthful’, ‘vigorous’, or ‘junior’ to someone.

 

French Canada

 

  • Giving all children of the same gender the same middle name, usually in honor of a relative or ancestor.
  • Naming children after parents and grandparents (either given or middle name).
  • After the death of a child, they frequently used the name for a sibling born later.
  • Children were often given hyphenated first and middle names (i.e. Marie-Madeleine or Jean-Jacques), but they would frequently adopt one or the other for everyday use.
  • French-Canadians and Metis in early days often followed the original French convention of using the prefix of ‘dit’ or ‘ditte’ as above.

 

African-Americans

 

  • During and after the civil war, slaves frequently adopted the surname of their current or previous owner.

 

Ireland

Irish surnames.
Irish surnames.

Boys

  • 1st son was named after the father’s father.
  • 2nd son was named after the mother’s father.
  • 3rd son was named after the father.
  • 4th son was named after the father’s eldest brother.

Girls

  • 1st daughter was named after the mother’s mother.
  • 2nd daughter was named after the father’s mother.
  • 3rd daughter was named after the mother.
  • 4th daughter was named after the mother’s eldest sister

 

UK, USA and Canada

British last names.
British last names.
  • One or more children in a family, regardless of gender, were frequently given their mother’s maiden name as a middle name to carry that name on within the family. Infrequently, I have seen  families where one or more of the children had the mother’s maiden name as a middle name.

 

Wales

 

  • In Wales, individuals carried their father’s given name as a surname, preceded by a term signifying whether they were male or female. The son of a man named Rhys would use the surname ‘ap (or ab) Rhys’ and a daughter would use ‘ferch (or verch) Rhys’.

 

Scotland

Scottish clan map.
Scottish clan map.
  • In Scotland, children were usually given first names according to the following: first son is named after his father’s father; the second son is named after his mother’s father; the third son is named after his father; the first daughter is named after her mother’s mother; the second daughter is named after her father’s mother; and the third daughter is named after her mother.
  • The surname used depended on the region the family came from. For the most part, in the Scottish highlands, the child’s surname was a combination of the prefix ‘Mc’ or ‘Mac’ followed by the given name or variation of the father (i.e. Jonathan McKenzie – the son of Kenneth). In the lowlands, the suffix ‘son’ was added to the given name of the father, as in Johnson, Robertson, Jacobson, etc.
  • The Scottish were also known to take a surname from a location, occupation, and/or physical characteristic.

 

China

 

  • Chinese immigrants frequently took on entirely new names – both given and surnames – in the language of the their new country. Sometimes they would choose names that sounded phonetically similar to their original Chinese names.

 

Japan

 

  • Japanese names put surname first and given name last. However, names were frequently changed to follow the western convention of given name first and surname last when emigrating to the west.

 

Roman Catholics

 

  • Roman Catholics frequently named their children after saints or choose names from the bible, especially in French-Canadian and latin families.

 

Scandinavia and Iceland

Scandinavian last names.
Scandinavian last names.
  • The children adopted a modified version of the given name of the father as a surname, by adding ‘son’ at the end of the father’s given name. For example, in my husband’s family in Sweden, the name in America was Gummeson, originating with David Gummeson, who was the son of Gumme Svensson, who in turn was the son of Sven Hakansson. For female children, the same practice occurred, but the added suffix was either ‘dottir’ or ‘dotter’, as in Gummesdottir. This could frequently change upon immigration to the west to comply with western naming conventions.

 

Non-specific

 

  • Families often adopted naming traditions such as the first-born son and/or daughter being named in some way after either a parent, grandparent or other close relative.
  • Some changed their surname for personal or cultural reasons. In my own family on my father’s side, a male ancestor took exception to his surname of Turmel/Turmelle. In French tradition, the suffix ‘elle’ signifies the female gender. This gentleman had his surname legally changed to Turmaine and it’s carried on in this form to the present day. Other branches of the family retained the Turmel/Turmelle surname.
  • Others changed their surnames for religious reasons. As seen in a recent episode of ‘Who Do You Think You Are’, actress Helen Hunt discovered that an ancestor of hers had changed her name from Rafenberg to Roberts – most likely to escape anti-semitism, especially as she was a widow trying to support her family.


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Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 30 Jan 2015.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 30 Jan 2015.

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Following are the recent Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions up to 30 Jan 2015.

 

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions” src=”http://www.emptynestancestry.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/small_288022773.jpg” alt=”Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions” width=”240″ height=”159″ /> Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions

FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions

Argentina

Canada

El Salvador

Philippines

United States

Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

Australia

Austria

Brazil

Canada

Germany

Iceland

Italy

Mexico

Norway

South Africa

Spain

Sweden

United Kingdom

United States

Worldwide


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FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions to January 21, 2014

FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions to January 21, 2014

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FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

 

FamilySearch.org

Belgium

Canada

England

Germany

Indonesia

Italy

Mexico

Netherlands

Portugal

Russia

Spain

United States

 

Ancestry.com

Argentina

Austria

Bahamas

Barbados

Belgium

Bolivia

Brazil

Canada

Caribbean

Chile

Colombia

Costa Rica

Denmark

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvado

Finland

Germany

Gibraltar

Guatemala

Honduras

Hungary

Iceland

India

Italy

Luxembourg

Mexico

Netherlands

Norway

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

Samoa

Spain

Sweden

Switzerland

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Uruguay

 


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Familysearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

Familysearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

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Library Archives
 
 
 
 
Here are the updates and additions of the past few days from both Familysearch.org and Ancestry.com .

This batch includes a much larger concentration of foreign records including Switzerland, Paraguay, Honduras, Isle of Man and Gibraltar – to just name a few.
 
 
 

Familysearch.org

United States Flag
 

  • Alabama, Births and Christenings, 1881-1930
  • Arizona, Births and Christenings, 1909-1917
  • Connecticut, Births and Christenings, 1649-1906
  • Delaware, Births and Christenings, 1710-1896
  • District of Columbia, Births and Christenings, 1830-1955
  • Florida, Births and Christenings, 1880-1935
  • Idaho, Births and Christenings, 1856-1965
  • Kansas, Births and Christenings, 1818-1936
  • Kentucky, Births and Christenings, 1839-1960
  • Louisiana, Births and Christenings, 1811-1830; 1854-1934
  • Maine, Births and Christenings, 1739-1900
  • Maryland, Births and Christenings, 1650-1995
  • Massachusetts, State Vital Records, 1841-1920
  • Michigan, Births and Christenings, 1775-1995
  • Minnesota, Births and Christenings, 1840-1980
  • New Hampshire, Births and Christenings, 1714-1904
  • New Mexico, Births and Christenings, 1726-1918
  • New York, Births and Christenings, 1640-1962
  • Montana, Cascade County Records, 1888-1955
  • Ohio, Births and Christenings, 1821-1962
  • Rhode Island, Births and Christenings, 1600-1914
  • Utah, Births and Christenings, 1892-1941
  • Vermont, Births and Christenings, 1765-1908
  • Washington, County Records, 1856-2009
  • West Virginia, Births and Christenings, 1853-1928
  • Wisconsin, Births and Christenings, 1826-1926

Canadian Flag
 

  • New Brunswick, Births and Baptisms, 1819-1899
  • Nova Scotia, Marriages, 1711-1909
  • Nova Scotia, Births and Baptisms, 1702-1896
  • Ontario, Marriages, 1800-1910
  • Ontario, Births and Baptisms, 1779-1899


 

  • Argentina, Marriages, 1722-1911

Flag of Australia
 

  • Australia, Births and Baptisms, 1792-1981
  • Australia, Tasmania, Miscellaneous Records, 1829-1961

Flag of Austria
 

  • Austria, Births and Baptisms, 1651-1940
  • Austria, Marriages, 1722 – 1898

Flag of Belgium
 

  • Belgium, Births and Baptisms,1560-1890
  • Belgium, Marriages, 1563-1890

Bolivian Flag
 

  • Bolivia, Marriages, 1630-1940
  • Bolivia, Baptisms,1560-1938

Brazilian Flag
 

  • Brazil, Marriages, 1730-1955
  • Brazil, Baptisms, 1688-1935

Flag of the Caribbean Flag
 

  • Caribbean, Marriages, 1591-1905
  • Caribbean, Births and Baptisms, 1590-1928

Flag of Chile
 

  • Chile, Baptisms, 1585-1932

Flag of Colombia
 

  • Colombia, Baptisms, 1630-1950
  • Colombia, Marriages, 1750-1960

Costa Rican Flag
 

  • Costa Rica, Marriages, 1750-1920
  • Costa Rica, Baptisms, 1700-1915

Czechoslovakian Flag
 

  • Czech Republic, Třeboň, Nobility Seignorial records, 1619-1859
  • Czech Republic, Marriages, 1654-1889
  • Czech Republic, Births and Baptisms, 1637-1889

Danish Flag
 

  • Denmark, Marriages, 1635-1916

Ecuadorian Flag
 

  • Ecuador, Marriages, 1680-1930
  • Ecuador, Baptisms, 1680-1930

Flag of El Salvador
 

  • El Salvador, Baptisms, 1750-1940

United Kingdom Flag
 

  • Channel Islands, Births and Baptisms, 1820-1907
  • England, Marriages, 1538–1973
  • England, Births and Christenings, 1538-1975
  • Isle of Man, Marriages, 1849–1911
  • Isle of Man, Births and Baptisms, 1821-1911

Flag of Estonia
 

  • Estonia, Population Registers, 1918-1944

Finnish Flag
 

  • Finland, Baptisms, 1657-1890
  • Finland, Marriages, 1682-1892

German Flag
 

  • Germany, Saxony, Meissen, Miscellaneous City Records, 1724-1889
  • Germany, Saxony, Bautzen, Citizen Rolls, 1496-1923
  • Germany, Württemberg, Schwäbisch Hall, Probate Records, 1803-1925
  • Germany, Württemberg, Schwäbisch Hall, Probate Records, 1803-1925

Flag of Gibraltar
 

  • Gibraltar, Marriages, 1879-1918
  • Gibraltar, Births and Baptisms, 1704-1876

Flag of Guatemala
 

  • Guatemala, Marriages, 1750-1930
  • Guatemala, Baptisms, 1730-1917

Flag of Honduras
 

  • Honduras, Marriages, 1800-1910
  • Honduras, Baptisms, 1730-1930


 

  • Hungary, Baptisms, 1734-1895
  • Hungary Reformed Church Christenings, 1624-1895

Icelandic Flag
 

  • Iceland, Marriages, 1770-1920
  • Iceland, Baptisms, 1730-1905

Indian Flag
 

  • India, Marriages, 1792-1948
  • India, Births and Baptisms, 1786-1947

Irish Flag
 

  • Ireland, Marriages, 1619-1898

Italian flag
 

  • Italy, Marriages, 1809-1900
  • Italy, Treviso, Treviso, Civil Registration (Tribunale), 1871-1941
  • Italy, Messina, Civil Registration (State Archive), 1820-1865

Lichtenstein National Flag
 

  • Liechtenstein, Births and Baptisms, 1650-1875

National Flag of Luxembourg
 

  • Luxembourg, Marriages, 1700-1810
  • Luxembourg, Births and Baptisms, 1662-1840

Mexican Flag
 

  • Mexico, Baptisms, 1560-1950

Netherlands Flag
 

  • Netherlands, Marriages, 1565-1892
  • Netherlands, Births and Baptisms, 1564-1910

NZ Flag
 

  • New Zealand, Probate Records, 1878-1960

Norwegian Flag
 

  • Norway, Baptisms, 1634-1927

Panamanian Flag
 

  • Panama, Baptisms, 1750-1938

Paraguayan Flag
 

  • Paraguay, Marriages, 1800-1900
  • Paraguay, Baptisms, 1800-1930

Peru Flag
 

  • Peru, Marriages, 1600-1940
  • Peru, Baptisms, 1556-1930

Philippine Flag
 

  • Philippines, Marriages, 1723-1957
  • Philippines, Births and Baptisms, 1642-1994

Polish Flag
 

  • Poland, Roman Catholic Church Books, 1600-1950

Portugal Flag
 

  • Portugal, Baptisms, 1570-1910
  • Portugal, Porto, Catholic Church Records, 1535-1949
  • Portugal, Braga, Catholic Church Records, 1530-1911
  • Portugal, Coimbra, Passport Registers and Application Files, 1835-1938

Russian Flag
 

  • Russia, Marriages, 1793-1919

Spanish Flag
 

  • Spain, Marriages, 1565-1950

Swedish Flag
 

  • Sweden, Marriages, 1630-1920
  • Sweden, Baptisms, 1611-1920

Swiss Flag
 

  • Switzerland, Marriages, 1532-1910 
  • Switzerland, Baptisms, 1491-1940

Ukrainian Flag
 

  • Ukraine, Births and Baptisms, 1784-1879

Uruguayan Flag
 

  • Uruguay, Marriages, 1840-1900

Wales Flag
 

  • Wales, Marriages, 1541-1900

 

Ancestry.com

United States Flag
 

  • Massachusetts, Town Vital Collections, 1620-1988
  • RootsWeb Death Index, 1796-2010
  • South Carolina, Death Records, 1821-1955
  • Summit County, Ohio, Death Records, 1866-1908
  • Summit County, Ohio, Birth Records, 1866-1908

Flag of Australia
 

  • Australia, Sydney Harbour Bridge Construction, 1922-1933

Irish Flag
 

  • Antrim, Ireland 1851 Census
  • Belfast, Northern Ireland, The Belfast Newsletter, 1738-1925
  • Cork, Ireland, a Collection of 1851 Census Records
  • Dublin, Ireland, Probate Record and Marriage Licence Index, 1270-1858
  • Ireland: 1841/1851 Census Abstracts (Northern Ireland)
  • Ireland: 1841/1851 Census Abstracts (Republic of Ireland)

Polish Flag
 

  • Poland, Prisoners of War in Lublin, 1939-1941

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