Tag: Sweden

Erik IX, King of Sweden

Erik IX, King of Sweden

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Saint Erik IX, King of SwedenErik IX, King of Sweden, is 26th great grandfather of my children on their father’s side.

The odd thing about this ancestry is that it is not through my husband’s mother’s Swedish ancestry, but through his father’s Welsh, and Royal ancestors.

Saint Erik "the Saint, den Helige" Jedvardsson IX, King of SwedenKeeping in mind the quality of sources going back that far, I have sourced this line through the best, highly regarded sites available to researchers, such as Foundation for Medieval Genealogy and the Directory of Royal Genealogy of Hull University, among others.

Today, I read a USAToday story about scientists opening the coffin of Erik IX, King of Sweden, who was murdered near Uppsala, Sweden in 1160. The identity of the murderer of Erik is speculation, one possibility being Emund Olvbane, an assassin, and another being Magnus Henriksson, who some say succeeded Erik IX briefly. Erik was made a saint later in his life.

There is excitement surrounding the ability to study King Erik’s bones because there is so little known about him. They will be using DNA and x-rays to examine and investigate, hoping to learn details about his ancestry, health, diet and residence locations. There has been disagreement over his place of origin, some believing he was from Uppsala, and some believing he was from the west coast.

Uppsala CathedralEvidence of a sword strike has been noted and may have contributed to his death. Some believe he died from a blow to the head, while others  believe he was captured and later beheaded. Either of these theories is plausible because of the mark on the collar bone from a sword. Hopefully, these studies will provide answers.

Among artifacts to be studied is the gilded copper crown adorned with semi-precious stones, worn by Erik and being the oldest existing medieval royal crown in existence.

The crown of Erik IX, King of Sweden, will go on exhibit at the Uppsala Cathedral in June, along with several artifacts from other churches. Uppsala Cathedral is believed to have been built to house the remains of King Erik IX.


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Genealogy Database

Genealogy Database

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Athelwulf, King of Wessex
Athelwulf, King of Wessex

Our Blythe Genealogy Database

After extensive work, my genealogy database is now updated and links can be found in the upper menu or in the left sidebar. There are thousands of surnames and the extensive lineages include Welsh Quaker immigrants to the USA, French Canadian, Acadian, American pioneers, Canadian pioneers, French, British, Welsh, German, Scandinavian and medieval and royal genealogies.

The database includes extensive facts, sources and some images.


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Debate about numbers, percentages and odds in genealogy fascinates.

Debate about numbers, percentages and odds in genealogy fascinates.

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inbreedingThere will always be debate about numbers, percentages and odds in genealogy.

I am so lucky that we have such a wide range of ancestries and national origins in my husband’s and my family trees. Those who have read my posts before are already well aware that our ancestries branch off from four (or five) distinct groups, and marriage between these groups is rare.

The groups containing our ancestries are:

MY ANCESTRY

  • Acadians

French Huguenots escaping religious persecution in France in the mid to late 17th century relocated to the Atlantic coast of Canada and the United States, giving birth to the Acadian and Cajun cultures.

  • French Canadians

You would think, since the origins of French Canadians are essentially the same as the Acadians, there would be more intermarriage between the two, but I have found very few connections between the two groups in our family tree – at least so far. Most French Canadians descended from French explorers and pioneers involved in the fur trade and colonizing what is now part of Ontario and Quebec, although Acadians did find their way up the St. Lawrence River after the great expulsion (grand dérangement) of the French settlers by the British colonists.

MARK’S ANCESTRY

  • Scandinavian

Although the majority of the ancestry of my husband on his mother’s side is Swedish, the other Scandinavian nations and cultures are represented as well.

  • Welsh Quaker

Mark’s ancestry on his father’s side originates from Welsh immigrants who were also escaping religious persecution for their puritan beliefs at the hands of the Welsh and British nobility and clergy.

  • British Royalty and Nobility

The interesting point to make here is that Mark’s connections to British royalty and nobility occur through his Welsh Quaker ancestry.

I decided to touch on this subject after reading the post on Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter entitled, “Man Traces Ancestry to 1st English King – So What?.”

Mathematically, Dick Eastman’s calculations of the numbers of ancestors and/or descendants in a family based upon an average number and length of generations, as well as an average number of children in families appear to make sense. However, there are so many variables affecting the numbers, that it is almost impossible to make accurate estimations, much less calculations.

These variables include:

  1. Individuals who remained single and bore no children.
  2. Individuals who died young and were never married, much less had children.
  3. Mass deaths due to war, disease and poverty wiping out most or all of a generation or two.
  4. Variations in sizes of families as influenced by tradition or custom, health and fertility, relationships, economics, etc.

One major point made by Dick is his belief that everyone can eventually trace their ancestries back to royalty, but by my experience, this appears to be flawed.

As illustrated in the diverse groups outlined above in our ancestries, we originate from several unique national, ethnic, and socio-economic groups. Examining our family tree makes it apparent that intermarriage between these groups was almost impossible due to geography, economics, politics and custom. Most people, no matter where they were from or how wealthy and socially prominent they were, usually married within their own group.

The interesting point illustrated by our ancestry is that although my husband’s and my ancestries are quite separate and rarely intermarried, the fact that he and I married and had our two children now combines our ancestries for all future generations. Therefore, it’s easy to assume that intermarriage occurred (and will occur) much more as the world became smaller through technology, multi-culturalism, etc., which are more modern phenomena of the last hundred years or so.

In previous posts, I touched on this subject as it relates to our ancestry and evolving cultural methods of managing relationships and marriages to ensure as little inbreeding as possible. These posts are “The Science of Husbandry on a Human Scale” and “Ingenius incest prevention app created by University of Iceland students.

I must thank Dick Eastman as his is one of the few blogs I do read that routinely challenge my thinking and assumptions. I like that.

photo credit: wonker via photopin cc


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Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org updates and additions to 2 Dec 2017.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org updates and additions to 2 Dec 2017.

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The following are the more recent Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org updates and additions to 2 Dec 2017.

 

FamilySearch.org updates and additions to 2 Dec 2017.

 

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Transcription – Axel and Ella Gummeson and Family Biography

Transcription – Axel and Ella Gummeson and Family Biography

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AXEL AND ELLEN (ELLA) GUMMESON

 

Axel and Ella Gummeson, and Kenneth age 10 weeks, left Amery, Wisconsin, U.S.A., by train and arrived in Cabri, Saskatchewan, on April 21, 1917. They took up residence at the August Gummeson farm on the south edge of town.

Several brothers and a sister of Axel had come to Cabri prior to this time. Ella, a sister of Edwin Johnson of Cabri, came from Balsam Lake, Wisconsin, U.S.A.

 

Gummeson - Ella, Ken, Helen, Mazel, AxelKen was born in Amery, Wisconsin in 1917. Mazel was born on January 26, 1920 in the Cottage Hospital at Cabri. In 1922 the family moved to the Herman Gummeson farm east of Cabri. Stanley was born in 1926 but died in infancy. Helen was born September, 1931. Helen’s date of birth is unknown, but I presume it was about 1928.

In 1928 Axel bought the NE, NW, and SE of 8-19-18 and the NE of 5-19-18 W3rd. Axel was an avid curler and hunter, an active member of the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool and a founding member of the Cabri Co-operative Association. Ella was a member of the Pioneer Women’s Club and the Cabri Brass Band Auxiliary. In 1945 Axel and Ella retired and moved to New Westminster, British Columbia, where Axel died in 1962 after a lengthy illness.

Mazel attended school in Cabri. In 1942 she went to Vancouver, B.C. where she joined the C.W.A.C. She married Elgin Six in 1950, and their son Robert was born in 1956. Mazel was later divorced, remarried to Jack Wallace, is now separated and lives with her mother in an apartment in New Westminster, B.C.

Helen took her schooling in Cabri and New Westminster. In 1950 she married Gordon Cooper and they had four children, Tom, who is married and has two children, Judy is married and has one child, Jane is married and Jim is single. Gordon died in 1963 after a long illness. Helen remarried Gordon Kemp in 1967. They and their families reside in or near New Westminster, B.C.

Ken was educated in Cabri and started farming with his father in 1936. In 1940 he joined the R.C.A.F., serving until the spring of 1945 when he returned to Cabri and resumed farming. Ken was an active curler and a member of the Cabri Brass Band for many years. In 1951 he married Helen Dowling, a district Public Health Nurse. They had three children. Patrick was born in 1953, is married to Janice Berg, D.V.M., reside in Brooks, Alberta where Pat is farming. Mary Ellen was born in 1954, is a Registered Nurse working at Swift Current Union Hospital. She has two children, Tami who is 11, and Keri-Lyn who is three. Cathy was born in 1956, is married to Jim Hendry, R.C.M.P. and they reside in Vulcan, Alberta. They have two sons, Gregory who is five and Gary who is three years. Kristen Marie was born August 13, 1984.

Ken and family sold the farm to Ben Andreas in 1968, bought the Safari Motel in Swift Current, Saskatchewan, and operated it for five years. He sold the Motel, worked for a few years for Co-op Implements and is now retired. Ken and Helen continue to live in Swift Current, Saskatchewan.

(Through the Years: History of Cabri and District; Page 447; Cabri History Book Committee.)

___________________

You can access sources, data, images and documents for these and other individuals, by clicking on the name link, or searching the Blythe Genealogy database site using the surname search link and the ‘All Media‘ search link in the left sidebar.

It is recommended to search using both methods as the results can differ greatly due to a glitch in the software that doesn’t connect all images from the bio.

All data for this and numerous others on this site is available for free access and download.



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Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 11 Feb.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 11 Feb.

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The following are the recent Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 11 Feb, 2017.

 

Feature image: Map of the kingdom of Prussia in the 18th century.

FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 11 Feb, 2017.

 

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It’s important to know naming conventions for genealogy #namingconventions.

It’s important to know naming conventions for genealogy #namingconventions.

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I have learned to pay close attention to the names of individuals in my research as knowledge of naming conventions can be key to investigating a family’s genealogy. Frequently, the names provide valuable clues to the answers to my questions.

 

Individuals from differing cultures, time periods, religions and families were known to follow specific traditions and naming conventions. It’s important to know these naming conventions for genealogy research as accuracy of your conclusions can be adversely affected by misinterpreting names, titles, etc.

 

These practices could also change over time according to the practices of the day.

Below are some examples of naming practices I encountered in my research.

It’s very important to note that making assumptions in genealogy using only naming conventions is dangerous as these conventions were not followed by everyone. However, knowing naming conventions can be great help finding an ancestor as long as the other information matches to confirm the identity.

 

France

Last names in France.
Last names in France.

  • Instead of surnames as we know them, the French in the 17th and 18th centuries routinely adopted nicknames or titles denoted by the word ‘dit’  or ‘dite’ before it. This title or nickname could have referred to any number of things including a descriptive term, location, family or property in France. This was the case for my ancestor, Pierre dit Laverdure, one of the Huguenots to settle in Acadia in the mid-17th century. I couldn’t find the translation for ‘Laverdure’, but I was able to find a modern translation for ‘verdure’ as follows:

ver·dure
a. The lush greenness of flourishing vegetation.
b. Vigorous greenery.
2. A fresh or flourishing condition: the verdure of childhood.

[Middle English, from Old French, from verd, green, from Latin viridis.]

My reasoning is that, based on this definition, there are several possibilities, including: he was from a lush, green, fertile area of France; he was involved in forest management or forestry; he was in a profession concerned with vegetation such as farming; the ‘fresh or flourishing condition’ referred to in the definition above could allude to his being ‘young’, ‘youthful’, ‘vigorous’, or ‘junior’ to someone.

 

French Canada

 

  • Giving all children of the same gender the same middle name, usually in honor of a relative or ancestor.
  • Naming children after parents and grandparents (either given or middle name).
  • After the death of a child, they frequently used the name for a sibling born later.
  • Children were often given hyphenated first and middle names (i.e. Marie-Madeleine or Jean-Jacques), but they would frequently adopt one or the other for everyday use.
  • French-Canadians and Metis in early days often followed the original French convention of using the prefix of ‘dit’ or ‘ditte’ as above.

 

African-Americans

 

  • During and after the civil war, slaves frequently adopted the surname of their current or previous owner.

 

Ireland

Irish surnames.
Irish surnames.

Boys

  • 1st son was named after the father’s father.
  • 2nd son was named after the mother’s father.
  • 3rd son was named after the father.
  • 4th son was named after the father’s eldest brother.

Girls

  • 1st daughter was named after the mother’s mother.
  • 2nd daughter was named after the father’s mother.
  • 3rd daughter was named after the mother.
  • 4th daughter was named after the mother’s eldest sister

 

UK, USA and Canada

British last names.
British last names.

  • One or more children in a family, regardless of gender, were frequently given their mother’s maiden name as a middle name to carry that name on within the family. Infrequently, I have seen  families where one or more of the children had the mother’s maiden name as a middle name.

 

Wales

 

  • In Wales, individuals carried their father’s given name as a surname, preceded by a term signifying whether they were male or female. The son of a man named Rhys would use the surname ‘ap (or ab) Rhys’ and a daughter would use ‘ferch (or verch) Rhys’.

 

Scotland

Scottish clan map.
Scottish clan map.

  • In Scotland, children were usually given first names according to the following: first son is named after his father’s father; the second son is named after his mother’s father; the third son is named after his father; the first daughter is named after her mother’s mother; the second daughter is named after her father’s mother; and the third daughter is named after her mother.
  • The surname used depended on the region the family came from. For the most part, in the Scottish highlands, the child’s surname was a combination of the prefix ‘Mc’ or ‘Mac’ followed by the given name or variation of the father (i.e. Jonathan McKenzie – the son of Kenneth). In the lowlands, the suffix ‘son’ was added to the given name of the father, as in Johnson, Robertson, Jacobson, etc.
  • The Scottish were also known to take a surname from a location, occupation, and/or physical characteristic.

 

China

 

  • Chinese immigrants frequently took on entirely new names – both given and surnames – in the language of the their new country. Sometimes they would choose names that sounded phonetically similar to their original Chinese names.

 

Japan

 

  • Japanese names put surname first and given name last. However, names were frequently changed to follow the western convention of given name first and surname last when emigrating to the west.

 

Roman Catholics

 

  • Roman Catholics frequently named their children after saints or choose names from the bible, especially in French-Canadian and latin families.

 

Scandinavia and Iceland

Scandinavian last names.
Scandinavian last names.

  • The children adopted a modified version of the given name of the father as a surname, by adding ‘son’ at the end of the father’s given name. For example, in my husband’s family in Sweden, the name in America was Gummeson, originating with David Gummeson, who was the son of Gumme Svensson, who in turn was the son of Sven Hakansson. For female children, the same practice occurred, but the added suffix was either ‘dottir’ or ‘dotter’, as in Gummesdottir. This could frequently change upon immigration to the west to comply with western naming conventions.

 

Non-specific

 

  • Families often adopted naming traditions such as the first-born son and/or daughter being named in some way after either a parent, grandparent or other close relative.
  • Some changed their surname for personal or cultural reasons. In my own family on my father’s side, a male ancestor took exception to his surname of Turmel/Turmelle. In French tradition, the suffix ‘elle’ signifies the female gender. This gentleman had his surname legally changed to Turmaine and it’s carried on in this form to the present day. Other branches of the family retained the Turmel/Turmelle surname.
  • Others changed their surnames for religious reasons. As seen in a recent episode of ‘Who Do You Think You Are’, actress Helen Hunt discovered that an ancestor of hers had changed her name from Rafenberg to Roberts – most likely to escape anti-semitism, especially as she was a widow trying to support her family.


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Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to May 22, 2015.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to May 22, 2015.

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Following are the most recent Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to May 22, 2015.

 

FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions

 

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Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

 

Australia

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FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions to 12 Apr 2015.

FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions to 12 Apr 2015.

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FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions to 12 Apr 2015.

 

FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions

FamilySearch.org and <a href=
Ancestry.com Updates and Additions” width=”350″ height=”233″ /> FamilySearch.org and Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

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Ancestry.com Updates and Additions

England

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Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 7 Mar 2015.

Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions to 7 Mar 2015.

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The following are the ancestry.com and familysearch.org updates and additions up to and including 7 Mar 2015.

 

FamilySearch.org Updates and Additions

<a href=
Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additons.” width=”350″ height=”234″ /> Ancestry.com and FamilySearch.org Updates and Additons to 7 Mar 2015.

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